Lower Back Pain
Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most frequent problems treated by spine physicians. Four out of five adults will experience low back pain during their life, and it can be caused by many factors.
There are a total 24 vertebrae composing the three segments of your spinal column. The cervical spine (neck) is made up of seven total vertebrae; the thoracic spine (mid back) contains a total of 12 vertebrae and the lumbar spine (lower back) is just five vertebrae.
The spinal column itself is held in alignment by ligaments, cartilage and muscles that surround and offer protection to the spinal cord. Between each of the vertebrae is a spongy disc which acts as a cushioning pad to absorb pressure and allow the spine to move naturally.
Low back pain (LBP) can be caused by any of the following factors:
- Herniated discs
- Spinal stenosis
- Vertebrae fractures
- Compression fractures
- Surgical errors
Accidents that can cause low back injuries include:
- Car accidents
- Truck accidents
- Workplace injuries
- Slip and fall accidents
- Motorcycle accidents
- Bicycle accidents
- Pedestrian accidents
Symptoms of low back pain (LBP) can include:
- Difficulty moving that can be severe enough to prevent walking or standing.
- Pain that radiates down the leg, as well as pain that moves around the groin.
- Pain that tends to be overall achy, or rather dull in nature.
- Severe muscle spasms.
- Local soreness upon touch.